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Having to resuscitate children or infants is one of the worst things you could have to deal with. Many children do not receive resuscitation because potential CPR providers fear causing harm if they're not specially trained in resuscitation for children. This fear is unfounded. It's far better to use the adult BLS sequence for resuscitation for a child than do nothing. For ease of teaching and retention, laypeople are taught that the adult sequence may also be used for children who are not responsive and not breathing normally. In other videos, we'll discuss chest compressions and state that you compress the chest by at least one-third of its depth, it's hard to imagine how far this is, so push down approximately four centimetres for an infant and approximately five centimetres for a child.

With the compression, use two fingers for an infant under one year old, and use one or two hands as needed for a child between the age of 1 and 18 years to achieve adequate depth of compression, whether you use one hand or two hands on the child is up to you. The end result is the same. Do what's easiest for you and most suited for the size of the child. When delivering the breaths, you should deliver these for about one second just until you see the chest rise and the maximum time from the last compression to the first of the next cycle is 10 seconds, but usually shorter, this is to limit the interruption in compressions and the flow of blood to the vital organs.